What Does IP Rating in Smartphones Means



You may have seen that most of the manufacturers claiming that their phone is designed in such a way that it is protected against water, splash or rain. Every manufacturer calls it different like drip protection, splash resistant, etc.


They may be calling whatever in marketing terms but below is the actual standard which works behind the claim. So don’t listen to the marketing term. Instead check the IP Rating of the smartphone which manufacturer will have to mention on the packaging if they claims it to be a feature.

Check out what it means and understand the logic behind the rating.

IP Rating (IP) and what it means

The IP rating (Ingress Protection Rating) classifies and rates the degree of protection provided against dust & water. It consists of the letters “IP” followed by two numeric digits and an optional letter. As defined in international standard IEC 60529, it classifies the degrees of protection provided against the intrusion of solid objects (including body parts like hands and fingers), dust, accidental contact, and water in electrical enclosures. 


The standard aims to provide users more detailed information than vague marketing terms such as waterproof.

The digits (characteristic numerals) indicate conformity with the conditions summarized in the tables below. For example, an smartphone with IP52 is protected against major dust entering the phone and will not be damaged if is exposed to vertically or nearly vertically dripping water.

First Digit Solids


First Digit after “IP” specifies the protection against hard materials and dust.



Second Digit: Liquids


Protection of the equipment inside the enclosure against harmful ingress of water.



By Combining the above two digits you can get the below reference chart to help you decide which IP rating you have or you need to have.



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